Hypertension is a condition when blood pressure rebounds very high. Blood pressure too high certainly cannot be left alone. If left unchecked, heart disease and blood vessels can attack it. Therefore, it must be handled properly, one of them is to regulate food for hypertensive people on a regular basis. So how to organize food for people with hypertension? See below.
Nutritional needs of people with hypertension
In reality, the energy requirements for people with hypertension are the same as the energy requirements for people without hypertension. However, when people with hypertension are overweight, of course, the amount of calories they enter must adjust to the conditions.
Because research shows that weight is directly related to blood pressure, all overweight or obese patients with hypertension are advised to lose weight and reach normal waist circumference.
Weight loss of 4-5 kg in overweight patients with hypertension can reduce systolic blood pressure of 4-7 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure of 3-6 mmHg. The more weight you lose, the blood pressure will be normal and awake.
Usually, overweight people, it is recommended to reduce their daily calorie intake by 500-750 kcal. Therefore, if you previously need 2000 calories per day, then to lose weight, your energy needs are reduced to 1200-1500 kcal.
What kind of diet is recommended?
Recommendations that regulate foods for hypertensive people, one of which is the Dietary Approaches diet to stop hypertension (DASH), or called the DASH diet. This diet is recommended for people with hypertension to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
The DASH diet is a dietary principle that requires you to consume more fiber from fruits, vegetables, whole grains, choose low-fat sources and limit sodium intake.
Instead of consuming sodium, this DASH diet advises you to eat foods rich in potassium, calcium and magnesium that can help maintain normal blood pressure.